Terpenes are chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant that are responsible for its unique odor. They’re also found in a lot of other plants, including flowers, herbs, trees, and fruits. Orange peels, pine trees, parsley – all have terpenes. In addition to scent, terpenes are also associated with flavor. Put another way, they’re basically part of the building blocks for plants.
According to cannabis information resource Leafly.ca, there are more than 100 different kinds of terpenes, and every strain of cannabis boasts its own unique combination. Some researchers speculate that these varying combinations of terpenes (or “terpenes profiles”) could in part explain why different cannabis strains can have different effects.
To boost your Terp IQ, here are six terpenes frequently found in cannabis, with more information about their scents, origins, and alleged properties.
Also found in: Pepper, cloves, spices
Aroma: Woody, spicy
Also found in: Basil, hops, cloves
Also found in: Fruit rinds
Also found in: Lavender, coriander